UUttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is a state within the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is known for its natural beauty of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and also the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; as well as the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the area, which is actually a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the initial major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the initial presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period the location was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded for the British included in the Treaty of Sugauli. Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of numerous neighbouring ethnic groups and also the inseparable and complementary nature of the geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood inside the 1990s.
The natives in the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their host to origin. In accordance with the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand includes a population of 10,116,752, making it the 19th most populous state in India. A large part of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. A lot more than 88% of the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are definitely the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being the other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni as well as other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is easily the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand will be the only state in India with Sanskrit as one of its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. These two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath make up the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. Their state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is recognized for the variety and rarity of its flowers and plants.
Each district is governed with a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further separated into sub-divisions, that are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar would be the most populous districts, each one using a population of over 1 million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since ancient times, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. This has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land of the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and also the Mahabharata. The excellent Dronacharya meditated on the banks of the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is additionally believed to be lokpal, a spot existing from your times of Ramayana. It is stated that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal continues to be related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his attachment with this place. Additionally it is considered that lakshman meditated by this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Including the Ganga, which was a part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself is apparently in deep meditation in these two sacred cities